Philosophy of Education can be interpreted as a science that examines questions that arise, then looks for answers, solutions, and wisdom. Viewed from its philosophical foundation, the philosophy of science education animates the philosophical foundation. So, not everyone understands if the philosophical foundations are comprehensive, and conceptual about religion to examine it radically.
Philosophy of Education has the pressure of understanding in the world of Education. Where it aims to develop the potential and abilities of students in many ways. Starting from developing physical potential, creativity, and works. Of course, the ultimate goal is to help in realizing a balanced person who is able to realize the ideals he has.
In short, Educational philosophy is a science that will study science in the world of Education. Basically, the philosophy of Education has a broad overview. not only reviewing reality but also reviewing the point of view of the world and the point of view of one’s life.
7 Definitions of Educational Philosophy According to Experts
1. TW Moore
Understanding the philosophy of education according to TW Moore is an educational theory that is packaged in a concept system. Where the theory of education itself is divided into two groups. The first is about the general theory of education, the second is about the special theory of education.
TW Moore also emphasizes that in terms of the purpose of presentation, and TW Moore divides educational theory into two groups. Starting from prescriptive education theory and descriptive education theory. There is one thing that is interesting when studying philosophy of education, of course, you will invite to know the purpose of studying this science.
It is nothing but the aim of discovering the whole concept system of education. Well, there are also familiar with many streams. Interestingly, each branch of science also presents conditions, and perspectives and has many different aspects in a systematic and carefully argumentative manner.
Understanding the philosophy of education is a science that studies at the same time can give birth to new knowledge and science and give birth to new branches of science. Philosophy of education is a human thought process that has the aim of obtaining wisdom and wisdom. Look at the work process.
The context of educational philosophy according to Brubacher is a science that seeks the nature of science with questions originating in the world of education. In short, the notion of philosophy of education is the application of philosophical analysis in the field of education.
3. Prof. Dr. M. J. Langeveld
Understanding the philosophy of education is non-fragmentary. Where it really requires a process of searching for meaning and deep thought. Then, the search for meaning and thinking has experience gained through institutions, through the experiences of others, or based on their own experiences.
As stated by Prof. Dr. M. J Langevelt philosophy of education is essentially based on Sarwa thinking in a digital and system-wide manner. Sarwa is what he said as the basis of one’s thinking in philosophy. Looking from his point of view, the source of philosophical thought can also be seen from the tools for thinking about the main ideas.
Understanding the philosophy of Education according to Mr. D. C Mulder is the process of thinking about oneself or about problems that occur and are encountered in everyday life, or problems faced by the world. Then, develop and find the answer formula for the conclusion of the results. From these results, it can turn into a new branch of science or become an addition to old knowledge into new knowledge.
5. Louis Kattsof
Understanding the philosophy of education according to Louis Kattsof means that the science of philosophy has a very broad range. How vast? includes all knowledge, including human knowledge does not know it.
6. According to Law no. 20 of 2003
According to Law no. 20 of 2003 concerning the National Education System which includes guidance, training, and teaching activities. This includes alluding to knowledge, skills, values , and feelings. At least in this law, you will also study the educational process which includes and learn about the effective educational relationship between teachers and students.
However, the educational philosophy presented is not abstract. Still applying and need to meet some conditions. For example, the existence of appropriate educational methods, and the existence of facilities including educational equipment that is in accordance with the needs that support learning.
7. Herbert Spencer
Understanding the philosophy of education according to Herbert Spencer divides into three levels, namely the level of general knowledge, structured knowledge, and comprehensive knowledge. Then, Spencer is a philosopher who views positivistic naturalism (naturalism).