Definition of Physical Education and its 7 Scope

Definition of Physical Education and its 7 Scope
Definition of Physical Education and its 7 Scope

Physical education is an educational process that utilizes planned physical activities systematically. The goal is to develop and improve the ability of students in aspects of physical fitness, psychomotor, cognitive, affective, social, and emotional.

Physical training seeks to provide opportunities for students to able to understand various complex skills and be able to interact socially well. This is explained in the book Physical Education, Sports, and Health by Paiman.

Paiman further explained that a quality body has several good indicators in the elements of body movement, including strength, endurance, flexibility, speed, agility, balance, and coordination.

Scope of Physical Education

No less important than academic education. Physical training must also be presented and taught seriously in the teaching and learning process.

Physical education is carried out through physical activities such as games, sports, recreation, or other adventure activities.

The following are some of the scopes of physical training as mentioned in the book Philosophy of Physical Education & Sports by Yahya Eko Nopiyanto et al:

Games and Sports

Games and sports are learning media used in physical training. There are various kinds of games and sports that can be taught to train students’ bodies.

By utilizing games or sports, teachers can instill life values ​​in students personal. Such as cooperation, discipline, sportsmanship, honesty, and so on.

Development Activities

Development activities are activities carried out to develop the physical body of students as a whole. This activity covers posture mechanics, components of physical fitness, posture, and other activities.

Some of the things that are included in the components of physical fitness are strength, endurance, speed, balance, agility, coordination, accuracy, and reaction.


Gymnastics is one of the learning media in physical education. This media is used to improve movement skills and train courage, self-capacity, and the development of knowledge relevant to physical education.

The material taught in gymnastic activities is the formation of basic body abilities and basic movements of agility, both with and without tools. To know more about political law you can visit this site


Rhythmic is an activity that contains a series of human movements that are carried out in rhythmic patterns based on changes in tempo. So, this activity can be described by body movements that follow the accompaniment of music or beats outside the music.

Rhythmic can develop the orientation of body movements so that students have multilateral body abilities. By utilizing rhythmic activities, students will feel provoked to express themselves through body movements.

Water Activities

Water activities are physical education carried out by involving water media. This media can be in the form of swimming pools, rivers, lakes, and beaches. So, education that can be taught in water activities is games, safety, movement skills, swimming, water polo, diving, and the like

Education Outside the Class

Education outside the classroom can be done in open fields, forests, nature reserves, museums, and zoos. Then, Activities that include physical education outside of the classroom include field trips, camping, environmental awareness, exploring, and mountain climbing.

Through education outside the classroom, students can learn to form a self-concept. Then, the benefits of education outside the classroom are learning to live democratically and getting to know the physical environment and natural wealth.


Health is the main prerequisite for achieving optimal physical education outcomes. So, healthy and clean living is a manifestation of the healthy personality of students.

Efforts to cultivate a healthy lifestyle can be done with a few simple steps. Such as wearing clean clothes, throwing garbage in its place, eating healthy food, and much more.

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